Alternative Framework for Enhancing Image Quality of the Fingerprint

Mr Abdinasir Abdullahi, Dr. Richard Rimiru, Dr. Michael W. Kimwele


Fingerprint Identification is one of the most popular biometric methods used to verify and identify a person; formally it is defined as “The pattern of ridges and furrows on an individual finger”. Ridges are the lines in thumb and furrow is shallow trench of skin on an individual’s finger. Furrow is also referred to as valley. The combination of ridges and furrows makes an individual’s fingerprint and it’s called minutiae. A critical step in Fingerprint is to automatically and reliably extract minutiae from input finger print images. However the performance of the Minutiae extraction algorithm and other fingerprint recognition techniques relies heavily on the quality of the input fingerprint image. In order to ensure that the performance of the minutiae extraction algorithm will be robust with respect to the quality of input fingerprint images, an enhancement framework which can improve the clarity of the ridge structures is necessary. In this paper we reviewed, analyzed and evaluated some of the existing frameworks for image enhancement of the fingerprint which used Image or Minutiae Based and anticipated outcome of this effort is alternative hybrid framework of enhancing fingerprint image quality, that is a more proactive and consistent approach of improvement, 100 fingerprint from 4 DBs of FVC2006 was used for experiment and tested in MATLAB & Adobe Photoshop image processing Software’s, result indicates that proposed enhancement framework improved gap knowledge of the analyzed existing frameworks and Fingerprint were enhanced by correcting and removing noise from the input fingerprint.


Biometric; Enhancement; Fingerprint; Image Processing; Image Quality; Minutiae.

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