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A Comparison Review of Indoor Positioning Techniques

Nicholaus R. Mrindoko, Dr. Lusajo M. Minga


The advances in positioning based technologies and the expanding significance of indoor positioning led to a growing business interest in location-based services. Today, most application requirements are real-time tracking of physical possessions inside structures precisely. The demand for indoor localization services has turned into a key essential in some markets. Moreover, indoor positioning technologies address the inadequacy of global positioning system inside a closed environment. This paper aims to provide the reader with a comparison review of different parameter that affects indoor localization. The comparison review is based on three techniques known as Angle of arrival (AoA), Time of arrival (ToA) and Fingerprinting techniques to deliver a better understanding of state-of-the-art of these techniques and inspire new research endeavours in this promising field. For this purpose, three localization positions and location estimation schemes are reviewed with a conclusion and future trends.


AoA; ToA; Fingerprintin.

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