Novel Resource Allocation Algorithm for TV White Space Networks Using Hybrid Firefly Algorithm


  • Ronoh Kennedy School of Computing and Informatics University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Omwansa Tonny School of Computing and Informatics University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Kamucha George Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya


Dymamic spectrum access, cognitive radio, TV white spaces, spectrum allocation, power control, , resource allocation, firefly algorithm, hybrid firefly algorithm genetic algorithm, particle swarm optimization.


There is continued increased demand for dynamic spectrum access of TV White Spaces (TVWS) due to growing need for wireless broadband. Some of the use cases such as cellular (2G/3G/4G/5G) access to TVWS may have a high density of users that want to make use of TVWS. When there is a high of density secondary users (SUs) in a TVWS network, there is possibility of high interference among SUs that exceeds the desired threshold and also harmful interference to primary users (PUs). Optimization of resource allocation (power and spectrum allocation) is therefore necessary so as to protect the PUs against the harmful interference and to reduce the level of interference among SUs. In this paper, a novel and improved resource allocation algorithm based on hybrid firefly algorithm, genetic algorithm  and particle swarm optimization (FAGAPSO) has been designed and applied for joint power and spectrum allocation. Computer simulations have been done using Matlab to validate the performance of the proposed algorithm.   Simulation results show that compared to firefly algorithm (FA), particle swarm optimization (PSO) and genetic algorithm (GA), the algorithm improves the PU SINR, SU sum throughput and SU signal to interference noise (SINR) ratio in a TVWS network. Only one algorithm considered (SAP) has better PU SINR, SU sum throughput and SU signal to interference noise (SINR) ratio in a TVWS network but it has poor running time.

Author Biography

Ronoh Kennedy, School of Computing and Informatics University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

PhD Student, School of Computing and Informatics, University of Nairobi


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How to Cite

Kennedy, R., Tonny, O., & George, K. (2019). Novel Resource Allocation Algorithm for TV White Space Networks Using Hybrid Firefly Algorithm. International Journal of Computer (IJC), 32(1), 34–53. Retrieved from