An Adaptation of DSRC Protocol for V2V Communications in Developing Countries: End-to-End Delay Evaluation
Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs) help in improving road traffic safety and efficiency. In V2V communications, vehicles exchange kinematic information over a suitable protocol in order, either to warn other vehicles of a dangerous situation or inform them about the current status of the traffic flow. When using Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE), also referred to as Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) protocol, kinematic information is called Wave Short Messages (WSM), based on Basic Safety Message (BSM) defined by the SAE J2735 dictionary set. BSM is used for safety advertisement, either in one hop or multi-hop broadcasts. However, DSRC evaluations in many urban and sub-urban environments have shown that this protocol is highly sensitive to transmission conditions such as the density and speed of vehicles, antenna position, interference, etc., which makes it difficult to predict its performance. In this paper, we are interested in evaluating, based on various scenarios, the end-to-end delays when a particular emergency vehicle broadcasts BSM to all its nearby vehicles. The results are obtained by modeling and simulating a modified version of the DSRC protocol to fit the Cameroonian environment. Our results reveal that our adapted version of DSRC protocol performs very well and outperform others proposed protocols.
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