Oral Reading Fluency Can Be Estimated Across Languages with Text-To-Speech Software


  • Alberto Luis Fernández Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades, Universidad Católica de Córdoba, Obispo Trejo 323, 5010, Córdoba, Argentina
  • Gabriel Enrique Jáuregui Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina


oral reading fluency, International Reading Speed Texts, text-to-speech software


Oral reading fluency (ORF) is a good index of the reading skill level, measured as the number of words read correctly per minute (WRPM). However, ORF tests are not available in many languages. This study tested if the mean of WRPM could be estimated in languages for which ORF tests have not been developed by using free text-to-speech software. Mean time taken by Google Translate (GT) to read out loud 10 texts in 16 languages from the International Reading Speed Texts was compared with the mean time taken by human participants. An English/Other languages ratio was obtained for both reading systems. Both ratios were highly similar, showing that GT is a valid tool to estimate mean WRPM in multiple languages.


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How to Cite

Alberto Luis Fernández, & Jáuregui, G. E. (2023). Oral Reading Fluency Can Be Estimated Across Languages with Text-To-Speech Software . International Journal of Computer (IJC), 49(1), 98–106. Retrieved from https://ijcjournal.org/index.php/InternationalJournalOfComputer/article/view/2117